Essential Skill 1: Reading Text
Reading sentences or paragraphs. For example: notes, letters, emails, magazines, manuals, regulations, books, reports, product labels, legal agreements. Includes words on paper and words on a screen.
Essential Skill 2: Document Use
Understanding visual images such as graphs, lists, tables, drawings, symbols, signs, maps, labels, forms, x-rays. The visual display or arrangement gives meaning to the content.
Essential Skill 3: Numeracy
Using numbers and being able to think in terms of “amounts”. For example: Money math, Scheduling or budgeting/accounting, Measurement/calculation, Data analysis, and Estimation may require solving problems by using numbers.
Essential Skill 4: Writing
Writing words to share ideas. For example: Writing notes, emails, letters, reports, orders, logbook entries, text messages. Includes “pen and paper” writing and keyboarding.
Essential Skill 5: Oral Communication
Speaking and listening to share thoughts or information. For example: greeting, telling stories, giving advice, sharing ideas, facilitating, coordinating tasks, explaining, discussing. Can be face-to-face, or using technology.
Essential Skill 6: Working With Others
Interacting with family, friends, community members, students and co-workers to accomplish tasks together.
Essential Skill 7: Thinking Skills
Using your brain to: Solve problems, Make decisions, Think critically, Plan and organize tasks, Remember and Find information
Essential Skill 8: Digital Technology
Using technology. For example: computers, cell phones, GPs, digital cameras, iPods, and MP3s, gaming devices, computerized cash registers, Blackberries, iPhones. Includes using the Internet and email.
Essential Skill 9: Continuous Learning
Gaining skills and knowledge throughout life. Includes: Learning how to learn, Understanding your learning style, Knowing how to find resources and learning opportunities.
Essential Skills for Employment and Education
Essential skills are foundation skills, such as reading, document use and numeracy (math). Most adult Canadians have these skills, but many people do not have skills at the level they need.